Think of any car accident in any movie- 9 times out of 10, the brakes of the protagonist ‘fails’ and his/her car swirls out of control. It’s no wonder that brakes are considered the first line of defence against all that can go awry on the streets.
Scroll down to more about brakes and how they work.
Breaking the term “brake”
A brake is a mechanical component that stops a car. It inhibits the speed of a moving vehicle via friction. A brake is comprised of multiple smaller components, each with a particular function, working in tandem.
Everyone knows that friction is nothing but the resistance between two surfaces. Friction converts the kinetic energy of a moving object into heat energy. In case of brakes, the pads and rotor comes in contact and generate friction. As a result, a vehicle comes to a halt. But there is more to brakes than just converting kinetic energy to heat.
Let’s look at the different types of brakes and how they vary from one another.
Four is the charm
There are four particular types and the main brakes.
- Disc brakes
A disk brake has the following parts –
- Brake pads
- Master cylinder
This brake rotor is directly attached to your car’s wheel. The hydraulic pressure from the cylinder causes the calliper to jam the brake pads against the rotors. This friction between the rotor and pads causes a vehicle in motion to slow down.
- Emergency brakes
Emergency brakes, also known as hand brakes or parking brakes, are needed to keep an automobile in a stationary position and, in emergency cases, make it come to a halt.
It is your car’s second braking system, which works independently irrespective of its service brakes. There are some emergency brakes like –
- A stick lever between the driver and the passenger seat.
- A push button or handle near your steering column.
- A third pedal, etc.
All these brakes are powered by cables that apply pressure to your car’s wheels mechanically.
- Anti-lock brakes
Commonly known as ABS, these are mostly found in newer vehicles. When someone applies brakes, it prevents the wheels from locking, thus bringing it to a halt immediately and stopping it from skidding. The times you find this system most useful is when you are driving in the rain or slippery roads.
- Drum brakes
A drum brake is attached to the inside of the wheels. The brake pedal contracts and hydraulic pressure presses two brake shoes (these are present on the outward side of the brake) and brings your vehicle to a stop.
Now that you know all about brakes and its different types and parts, which one would use the most and how will you keep it in a better condition? Reputable garages like Roberts Tyres can help you with a comprehensive service of your brakes in Swaton as well as replacements if required. They also have other services like exhaust repair, wheel alignment, etc.
So, what are you waiting for? Don’t halt here. Go ahead and find the most suitable brake for your vehicle.